As marijuana growers we all have to make decisions in the garden. One question is what to grow from? Seed or clone. Which one do you have access to? Planting from marijuana seed or clone is a choice all growers have to make. With seeds you have to preserve time and a little more labor whereas, clones have their own conditions. What are the differences between growing marijuana seeds and clones? Discussed below are the advantages and disadvantages of growing marijuana from seeds and clones.
Marijuana seeds have more advantages and fewer disadvantages than clones. When you buy marijuana seeds from a reputable seed bank, they are known to have great genetics and awesome origins. You also know exactly what strains you are getting and have more choice in variety of strains to choose from. Seed companies give you information on the strains, abilities in yield, potency, and optimal growing conditions for the strain. Seeds of numerous strains are available over the internet, by mail, in shops, and in dispensaries. For most European countries seeds can be bought legally. When they come from a seed company you can have confidence in getting a strain with desirable characteristics that you want. Seedlings grow faster than clones. Plants from seed are known to grow a taproot. The taproot on plants grown from seed is an extension of the stem so it anchors the plant and holds it securely. The main advantage of having a taproot is the ability to dig deep into the soil and reach water which is not readily available. The taproot grows lateral branches along its entire length providing the plant with a network of roots that occupies a larger area. The result is that there are more roots in several layers of soil so the plant can obtain more water and nutrients to support the plant's growth. The taproot is not a big deal when indoor gardening or container gardening. Marijuana seeds inherit genetic characteristics from both parents because plants grown from seeds display some genetic variations, you can choose the best plant or the one you favor most. Seeds are easy to store for long periods of time and are easy to transport. Eighty percent of seeds germinate after 5 years of storage. They also are free from pest and disease. Feminized seeds have been bred to produce only female plants. They are the solution to identifying sex since all the plants are female. When plants are grown from marijuana seeds they often have higher yields than clones.
The disadvantages of seeds are little and limited. The main disadvantage of planting from seed is that marijuana has male and female plants so identifying sex is necessary when planting regular marijuana seeds. This can be a difficult task and the consequence of misidentifying the sex of a plant can result in unwanted pollination of the crop. Germinating seeds is a delicate procedure compared to transplanting clones. Seeds will not grow to be exactly the same as their mother, although it will be a close approximation. Because male plants need to be identified and discarded this can leave you with fewer plants than expected.
The advantages of clones are limited compared to growing from marijuana seeds. Clones are taken from female plants so they are guaranteed female. You don't need to worry about identifying the sex of the plant and removing male plants. Clones get you past the germination process. Another plus is that clones are genetically identical to the mother and there is no genetic variation. They can quickly grow into mothers and be re-cloned. Some say clones grow faster than when starting from seed because rooted clones are already biologically mature and have a head start on root development but if we take the time it takes a clone to root it is about the same time frame as germinating seeds.
There are more disadvantages of clones than growing from marijuana seeds because clones can carry disease and pests that can infect the whole garden. Clones of a particular strain that you want may not be readily available and can be difficult to find and you don't know exactly what you are buying when you purchase a clone. They don't grow as vigorously as seed grown plants because clones don't grow a taproot. Clones lack a taproot and only grow secondary roots also known as fibrous root system from the stem and most of their root growth is lateral rather than downward. Cloned plants have a single layer of lateral roots. The stem ends close to the soil line, where it was cut. This doesn't provide as much support as a plant with a taproot. Sometimes clones aren't healthy and can go into shock and die. Clones are more sensitive to light and they can burn easily by too much light or too much nutrients. Clones can lose their strength overtime including yield, potency, aroma, and overall growth of the plant. It is preferable to clone up to the third generation and then look for quality marijuana seeds from a seed bank.
To conclude, both marijuana seeds and clones have advantages and disadvantages. The best way to grow you crops is to use a combination of growing from marijuana seeds and clones. We at Spliff Seeds have a large selection of strains in regular and feminized marijuana seeds that would make an excellent provider for seed grower.